Select Page

Useful XHTML Character Entities

Useful reference table  when developing XHTML or #Java Server Faces (JSF) of facelets…

nbsp  no-break space = non-breaking space,
iexcl¡¡inverted exclamation mark, U+00A1 ISOnum
cent¢¢cent sign, U+00A2 ISOnum
pound££pound sign, U+00A3 ISOnum
curren¤¤currency sign, U+00A4 ISOnum
yen¥¥yen sign = yuan sign, U+00A5 ISOnum
brvbar¦¦broken bar = broken vertical bar,
sect§§section sign, U+00A7 ISOnum
uml¨¨diaeresis = spacing diaeresis,
copy©©copyright sign, U+00A9 ISOnum
ordfªªfeminine ordinal indicator, U+00AA ISOnum
laquo««left-pointing double angle quotation mark
not¬¬not sign, U+00AC ISOnum
shy­­soft hyphen = discretionary hyphen,
reg®®registered sign = registered trade mark sign,
macr¯¯macron = spacing macron = overline
deg°°degree sign, U+00B0 ISOnum
plusmn±±plus-minus sign = plus-or-minus sign,
sup2²²superscript two = superscript digit two
sup3³³superscript three = superscript digit three
acute´´acute accent = spacing acute,
microµµmicro sign, U+00B5 ISOnum
para¶pilcrow sign = paragraph sign,
middot··middle dot = Georgian comma
cedil¸¸cedilla = spacing cedilla, U+00B8 ISOdia
sup1¹¹superscript one = superscript digit one,
ordmººmasculine ordinal indicator,
raquo»»right-pointing double angle quotation mark
frac14¼¼vulgar fraction one quarter
frac12½½vulgar fraction one half
frac34¾¾vulgar fraction three quarters
iquest¿¿inverted question mark
AgraveÀÀlatin capital letter A with grave
AacuteÁÁlatin capital letter A with acute,
AcircÂÂlatin capital letter A with circumflex,
AtildeÃÃlatin capital letter A with tilde,
AumlÄÄlatin capital letter A with diaeresis,
AringÅÅlatin capital letter A with ring above
AEligÆÆlatin capital letter AE
CcedilÇÇlatin capital letter C with cedilla,
EgraveÈÈlatin capital letter E with grave,
EacuteÉÉlatin capital letter E with acute,
EcircÊÊlatin capital letter E with circumflex,
EumlËËlatin capital letter E with diaeresis,
IgraveÌÌlatin capital letter I with grave,
IacuteÍÍlatin capital letter I with acute,
IcircÎÎlatin capital letter I with circumflex,
IumlÏÏlatin capital letter I with diaeresis,
ETHÐÐlatin capital letter ETH, U+00D0 ISOlat1
NtildeÑÑlatin capital letter N with tilde,
OgraveÒÒlatin capital letter O with grave,
OacuteÓÓlatin capital letter O with acute,
OcircÔÔlatin capital letter O with circumflex,
OtildeÕÕlatin capital letter O with tilde,
OumlÖÖlatin capital letter O with diaeresis,
times××multiplication sign, U+00D7 ISOnum
OslashØØlatin capital letter O with stroke
UgraveÙÙlatin capital letter U with grave,
UacuteÚÚlatin capital letter U with acute,
UcircÛÛlatin capital letter U with circumflex,
UumlÜÜlatin capital letter U with diaeresis,
YacuteÝÝlatin capital letter Y with acute,
THORNÞÞlatin capital letter THORN,
szligßßlatin small letter sharp s = ess-zed,
agraveààlatin small letter a with grave
aacuteáálatin small letter a with acute,
acircââlatin small letter a with circumflex,
atildeããlatin small letter a with tilde,
aumläälatin small letter a with diaeresis,
aringåålatin small letter a with ring above
aeligæælatin small letter ae
ccedilççlatin small letter c with cedilla,
egraveèèlatin small letter e with grave,
eacuteéélatin small letter e with acute,
ecircêêlatin small letter e with circumflex,
eumlëëlatin small letter e with diaeresis,
igraveììlatin small letter i with grave,
iacuteíílatin small letter i with acute,
icircîîlatin small letter i with circumflex,
iumlïïlatin small letter i with diaeresis,
ethððlatin small letter eth, U+00F0 ISOlat1
ntildeññlatin small letter n with tilde,
ograveòòlatin small letter o with grave,
oacuteóólatin small letter o with acute,
ocircôôlatin small letter o with circumflex,
otildeõõlatin small letter o with tilde,
oumlöölatin small letter o with diaeresis,
divide÷÷division sign, U+00F7 ISOnum
oslashøølatin small letter o with stroke,
ugraveùùlatin small letter u with grave,
uacuteúúlatin small letter u with acute,
ucircûûlatin small letter u with circumflex,
uumlüülatin small letter u with diaeresis,
yacuteýýlatin small letter y with acute,
thornþþlatin small letter thorn,
yumlÿÿlatin small letter y with diaeresis,
fnofƒƒlatin small f with hook = function
AlphaΑΑgreek capital letter alpha, U+0391
BetaΒΒgreek capital letter beta, U+0392
GammaΓΓgreek capital letter gamma,
DeltaΔΔgreek capital letter delta,
EpsilonΕΕgreek capital letter epsilon, U+0395
ZetaΖΖgreek capital letter zeta, U+0396
EtaΗΗgreek capital letter eta, U+0397
ThetaΘΘgreek capital letter theta,
IotaΙΙgreek capital letter iota, U+0399
KappaΚΚgreek capital letter kappa, U+039A
LambdaΛΛgreek capital letter lambda,
MuΜΜgreek capital letter mu, U+039C
NuΝΝgreek capital letter nu, U+039D
XiΞΞgreek capital letter xi, U+039E ISOgrk3
OmicronΟΟgreek capital letter omicron, U+039F
PiΠΠgreek capital letter pi, U+03A0 ISOgrk3
RhoΡΡgreek capital letter rho, U+03A1
SigmaΣΣgreek capital letter sigma,
TauΤΤgreek capital letter tau, U+03A4
UpsilonΥΥgreek capital letter upsilon,
PhiΦΦgreek capital letter phi,
ChiΧΧgreek capital letter chi, U+03A7
PsiΨΨgreek capital letter psi,
OmegaΩΩgreek capital letter omega,
alphaααgreek small letter alpha,
betaββgreek small letter beta, U+03B2 ISOgrk3
gammaγγgreek small letter gamma,
deltaδδgreek small letter delta,
epsilonεεgreek small letter epsilon,
zetaζζgreek small letter zeta, U+03B6 ISOgrk3
etaηηgreek small letter eta, U+03B7 ISOgrk3
thetaθθgreek small letter theta,
iotaιιgreek small letter iota, U+03B9 ISOgrk3
kappaκκgreek small letter kappa,
lambdaλλgreek small letter lambda,
muμμgreek small letter mu, U+03BC ISOgrk3
nuννgreek small letter nu, U+03BD ISOgrk3
xiξξgreek small letter xi, U+03BE ISOgrk3
omicronοοgreek small letter omicron, U+03BF NEW
piππgreek small letter pi, U+03C0 ISOgrk3
rhoρρgreek small letter rho, U+03C1 ISOgrk3
sigmafςςgreek small letter final sigma,
sigmaσσgreek small letter sigma,
tauττgreek small letter tau, U+03C4 ISOgrk3
upsilonυυgreek small letter upsilon,
phiφφgreek small letter phi, U+03C6 ISOgrk3
chiχχgreek small letter chi, U+03C7 ISOgrk3
psiψψgreek small letter psi, U+03C8 ISOgrk3
omegaωωgreek small letter omega,
thetasymϑϑgreek small letter theta symbol,
upsihϒϒgreek upsilon with hook symbol,
pivϖϖgreek pi symbol, U+03D6 ISOgrk3
bull••bullet = black small circle,
hellip……horizontal ellipsis = three dot leader,
prime′prime = minutes = feet, U+2032 ISOtech
Prime″double prime = seconds = inches,
oline‾overline = spacing overscore,
frasl⁄fraction slash, U+2044 NEW
weierp℘script capital P = power set
imageℑblackletter capital I = imaginary part,
realℜblackletter capital R = real part symbol,
trade™™trade mark sign, U+2122 ISOnum
alefsymℵalef symbol = first transfinite cardinal,
larr←leftwards arrow, U+2190 ISOnum
uarr↑upwards arrow, U+2191 ISOnum–>
rarr→rightwards arrow, U+2192 ISOnum
darr↓downwards arrow, U+2193 ISOnum
harr↔left right arrow, U+2194 ISOamsa
crarr↵downwards arrow with corner leftwards
lArr⇐leftwards double arrow, U+21D0 ISOtech
uArr⇑upwards double arrow, U+21D1 ISOamsa
rArr⇒rightwards double arrow,
dArr⇓downwards double arrow, U+21D3 ISOamsa
hArr⇔left right double arrow,
forall∀for all, U+2200 ISOtech
part∂partial differential, U+2202 ISOtech
exist∃there exists, U+2203 ISOtech
empty∅empty set = null set = diameter,
nabla∇nabla = backward difference,
isin∈element of, U+2208 ISOtech
notin∉not an element of, U+2209 ISOtech
ni∋contains as member, U+220B ISOtech
prod∏n-ary product = product sign,
sum∑n-ary sumation, U+2211 ISOamsb
minus−minus sign, U+2212 ISOtech
lowast∗asterisk operator, U+2217 ISOtech
radic√square root = radical sign,
prop∝proportional to, U+221D ISOtech
infin∞infinity, U+221E ISOtech
ang∠angle, U+2220 ISOamso
and∧logical and = wedge, U+2227 ISOtech
or∨logical or = vee, U+2228 ISOtech
cap∩intersection = cap, U+2229 ISOtech
cup∪union = cup, U+222A ISOtech
int∫integral, U+222B ISOtech
there4∴therefore, U+2234 ISOtech
sim∼tilde operator = varies with = similar
cong≅approximately equal to, U+2245 ISOtech
asymp≈almost equal to = asymptotic to,
ne≠not equal to, U+2260 ISOtech
equiv≡identical to, U+2261 ISOtech
le≤less-than or equal to, U+2264 ISOtech
ge≥greater-than or equal to,
sub⊂subset of, U+2282 ISOtech
sup⊃superset of, U+2283 ISOtech
nsub⊄not a subset of, U+2284 ISOamsn
sube⊆subset of or equal to, U+2286 ISOtech
supe⊇superset of or equal to,
oplus⊕circled plus = direct sum,
otimes⊗circled times = vector product,
perp⊥up tack = orthogonal to = perpendicular,
sdot⋅dot operator, U+22C5 ISOamsb
lceil⌈left ceiling = apl upstile,
rceil⌉right ceiling, U+2309 ISOamsc
lfloor⌊left floor = apl downstile,
rfloor⌋right floor, U+230B ISOamsc
lang〈left-pointing angle bracket = bra,
rang〉right-pointing angle bracket = ket,
loz◊lozenge, U+25CA ISOpub
spades♠black spade suit, U+2660 ISOpub
clubs♣black club suit = shamrock,
hearts♥black heart suit = valentine,
diams♦black diamond suit, U+2666 ISOpub
quot""quotation mark = APL quote,
amp&&ampersand, U+0026 ISOnum
lt<&#60;less-than sign, U+003C ISOnum
gt>&#62;greater-than sign, U+003E ISOnum
OEligŒ&#338;latin capital ligature OE,
oeligœ&#339;latin small ligature oe, U+0153 ISOlat2
ScaronŠ&#352;latin capital letter S with caron,
scaronš&#353;latin small letter s with caron,
YumlŸ&#376;latin capital letter Y with diaeresis,
circˆ&#710;modifier letter circumflex accent,
tilde˜&#732;small tilde, U+02DC ISOdia
ensp &#8194;en space, U+2002 ISOpub
emsp &#8195;em space, U+2003 ISOpub
thinsp &#8201;thin space, U+2009 ISOpub
zwnj&#8204;zero width non-joiner,
zwj&#8205;zero width joiner, U+200D NEW RFC 2070
lrm&#8206;left-to-right mark, U+200E NEW RFC 2070
rlm&#8207;right-to-left mark, U+200F NEW RFC 2070
ndash–&#8211;en dash, U+2013 ISOpub
mdash—&#8212;em dash, U+2014 ISOpub
lsquo‘&#8216;left single quotation mark,
rsquo’&#8217;right single quotation mark,
sbquo‚&#8218;single low-9 quotation mark, U+201A NEW
ldquo“&#8220;left double quotation mark,
rdquo”&#8221;right double quotation mark,
bdquo„&#8222;double low-9 quotation mark, U+201E NEW
dagger†&#8224;dagger, U+2020 ISOpub
Dagger‡&#8225;double dagger, U+2021 ISOpub
permil‰&#8240;per mille sign, U+2030 ISOtech
lsaquo‹&#8249;single left-pointing angle quotation mark,
rsaquo›&#8250;single right-pointing angle quotation mark,
euro€&#8364;euro sign, U+20AC NEW

About The Author

Cédric Walter

I worked with various Insurances companies across Switzerland on online applications handling billion premium volumes. I love to continuously spark my creativity in many different and challenging open-source projects fueled by my great passion for innovation and blockchain technology.In my technical role as a senior software engineer and Blockchain consultant, I help to define and implement innovative solutions in the scope of both blockchain and traditional products, solutions, and services. I can support the full spectrum of software development activities, starting from analyzing ideas and business cases and up to the production deployment of the solutions.I'm the Founder and CEO of Disruptr GmbH.